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西洋管乐器中英文名称对照汇编
发表时间:2014-1-4 20:35:05  点击:2167

 

flute 长笛

A high-pitched woodwind instrument consisting of a slender tube closed at one end with keys and finger holes on the side and an opening near the closed end across which the breath is blown.

由一根一端封闭的纤细管子组成的高音木管乐器,侧边有按键和指孔,靠近封闭端有一个使气流进入的开口

Also called: transverse flute

piccolo 短笛

A small flute pitched an octave above a regular flute.

一种音调比普通笛子高八度音的小笛子

clarinet 单簧管

A woodwind instrument having a straight, cylindrical tube with a flaring bell and a single-reed mouthpiece, played by means of finger holes and keys.

单簧管,黑管一种管乐器,有直的圆筒形管身和一个外敞的管口及一个单簧吹口,以指孔和键的方式演奏

oboe 双簧管

A slender woodwind instrument with a conical bore and a double reed mouthpiece, having a range of three octaves and a penetrating, poignant sound.

带有一个圆锥形孔和双簧管吹口的细小的木管乐器,具有三个八度音域和穿透力强而尖利的声音

English horn 英国管

A double-reed woodwind instrument similar to but larger than the oboe and pitched lower by a fifth.

一种双簧的木制管乐器,类似于双簧管,但音高比双簧管低五度

bassoonfogotto 大管

A low-pitched woodwind instrument with a double reed, having a long wooden body attached to a U-shaped lateral tube that leads to the mouthpiece. The range of this instrument is typically two octaves lower than that of the oboe.

巴松管,低音管一种低调的有双簧的木管乐器,有长的木质管身并与通向吹口的侧面管身相连,这种乐器的音域范围比双簧管明显的低两个八音度

double bassoon 低音大管

The largest and lowest pitched of the double-reed wind instruments, sounding an octave below the bassoon.

双簧管系管乐器中音高最低的也是最大的乐器,比低音管的音高低一个八度

Also called: contrabasson

hornFrench horn 圆号或法国圆号

A valved brass wind instrument that produces a mellow tone from a long, narrow tube that is coiled in a circle before ending in a flaring bell.

一种有活瓣的铜管乐器,从漩涡形且端部有喇叭口的又长又细的管子里发出圆润的乐音

trumpet 小号

A soprano brass wind instrument consisting of a long metal tube looped once and ending in a flared bell, the modern type being equipped with three valves for producing variations in pitch.

一种高音铜管乐器,由一根从前为环状的金属管和呈喇叭口得末端构成,现代小号上装有三个活瓣以制造不同的音高

cornet 短号

A wind instrument of the trumpet class, having three valves operated by pistons.

号类的一种管乐器,有三个用活塞控制的栓塞

trombone 长号

A brass instrument consisting of a long cylindrical tube bent upon itself twice, ending in a bell-shaped mouth, and having a movable U-shaped slide for producing different pitches.

一种铜管乐器,由弯曲两次的长圆筒形金属管构成,尾部有喇叭形口,有一个可滑动的U形拉管,可发出不同音高的音

tuba 大号

A large, valved, brass wind instrument with a bass pitch.

大型带活塞的低音铜管乐器

kettle drumstimpani 定音鼓

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